Gulbarga University
Year of establishment:1980-81
Gulbarga - 585 106, Karnataka State - India
Department of P.G. Studies and Research in Microbiology
Dr. Channappa T. Shivannavar
Professor
Dept. of PG Studies and Research in Microbiology
Jnana Ganga, Gulbarga University
Gulbarga - 585 106 Karnataka, India
E-mail: shivmicro@rediffmail.com
Tel No.: +91 8472-263297 (O)
Fax No.: +91 8472-263632 (O)
Residence
Quarter No. B-1, University Campus,
Jnana Ganga, Gulbarga University
Kalaburagi - 585 105 Karnataka, India
Tel No.: +91 8472 248269 (R)
+91 9481640497 (Cell)
Date of Birth: 1st May, 1956
Academic Qualifications: M.Sc., Ph.D.

M.Sc.

Karnatak University, Dharwad 1981

Ph.D.

Agra University, Agra

(Topic : Studies on the immunological relatedness of superoxide dismutases of Mycobacteria)

1993
Areas of Specialization

1.

Medical Microbiology                  : Epidemiology, Mycobacteriology & Vaccines.
2.

Environmental Microbiology         : Biodegradation of xenobiotics

Teaching and Research experience:
a. Teaching:
1. 20 years of PG teaching experience

b. Research:

1.

As SRF under R & D Project, Central Military Veterinary Laboratory, Meerut, Aug.1982 to Sept. 1983.

2. At Central JALMA Int. for Leprosy, Agra, (ICMR), Oct.1983 to Nov. 1995
3. At GUK, as a Teacher & Researcher from December 1995 to till to date

Brief note on the area of my research:

Thirty four years of research in medical microbiology we focused on taxonomy and molecular biology of Mycobacteria. Development of molecular methods and their applications in the rapid diagnosis of mycobacterial diseases and/or characterization of mycobacterial isolates. Study on SODs of pathogenic bacteria and their applications in medical field, epidemiology of communicable diseases and vaccine preparation. Environmental Microbiology studies mainly on the Biodegradation of xenobiotics.

Academic and research credentials:

1. Worked as an expert for Evaluation of primers for PCR based tests developed by NII & AIIMS, New Delhi, for the detection of M. tuberculosis in coded sputum samples, at NII, New Delhi, sponsored by DBT, New Delhi.
2.

Visited the Department of Microbiology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, USA from July 17th 2004 to January 17th 2005 under the short term Biotechnology Overseas Associateship award 2002-03, by the Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India. Worked on the molecular aspects of Cu, Zn-SODs of bacteria.

Research Guidance

● Doctor of Philosophy: Awarded : 08 , Working; 04

Sl.No.

Name of the student

Title of the Thesis

   Year

1. Usha M.S. Biodegradation of H-acid (1-Amino 8- Hydroxy Naphthalene 3,6-Disulfonic acid) by Alcaligenes latus isolate 2007
2. Sri. Sanjay, M.K.

Copper zinc-superoxide dismutase from gram  negativeBacteria cloning and sequencing of gene and its expression under stress”

2009
3. Sri. Philip Raj A.

: “Molecular characterization and drug sensitivity of Mycobacteria  isolated  from tuberculosis patients in Gulbarga region” 

2009
4. Smt. Prabhavathi S.

“Phenotypic and molecular characterization of Staphylococcus  aureus isolated from hospitals and community in Hyderabad”

2009
5. Sri. Lakshmana Gowda  K.

“Immunological analysis and emm typing of beta hemolytic group ‘A’ Streptococci.”  

2009
6. Sri. Sanjay Rathod

“Prevalence of Streptococcus mutans in saliva of caries risk individuals of  Gulbarga and their characterization”

2013
7. Sri. Mallikarjun, B.C.

“Degradation of Aromatic Hydrocarbon Derived Reactive Dyes by Bacteria”.

2015
8. Mrs. Manjula N.G.

Etiology of the urinary tract infections in pregnant women from different parts of Karnataka and their molecular characterization”

2015

● Master of Philosophy:

Sl.No.

Name of the student

Title of the Thesis

   Year

1. Y. Sreenivasa Effect of Gutkha on oral microflora. 2001
2. Pragati Desai

Prevalence and antibiogram studies of Campylobacter sp. in Gulbarga.

2002
3. L. Huligi Lakshmi Epidemiology of Streptococcus pyogenes among the students of primary and higher education in Gulbarga 2006
4. Zohia Javeed

Isolation, Characterization and antibiogram of bacteria form maternity ward

2008

Membership of the professional Bodies:

1. Association of Microbiologists India.
2. Indian Science Congress Association.
3. Indian Society of Soil biology & Ecology

Refresher courses/ Orientation courses/ Workshops attended:

1. UGC Orientation Course Academic Staff College, Goa Univ. Goa, May 16 to June 12, 2000.
2.

UGC Refresher Course in Bio- Sciences, Gul. Univ., Gulbarga,  26th  Sept to 16th Oct. 2000.

3.

Refresher course on “Trends in Immunology” at Interdisciplinary School of Health Sciemces, University of Pune, Pune from Nov.25 to Dece.7, 2002. Sponsored by the Indian Academy of  Sciences, Bangalore.

Research Projects
Sl.No. Title of the project Funding Agency Duration

Amount sanctioned

1.

Analyses of ribosomal RNA and rRNA genes of pathogenic Mycobacteria specially M.leprae

DST, New Delhi

1988-1991  
2. Repository Centre for Mycobacteria DBT, New Delhi 1995-1998  
3.

Decolourisation of industrial effluents using immobilized microorganisms

DOEn, New Delhi 1998-2002   
4.

Treatment of wastewater using immobilized microbial systems

AICTE, New Delhi 1998-2001  
5.

Investigations on the Microbiological quality of drinking water in Gulbarga city.

Gulbarga Univ. 2001-2002  
6.

Development of whole cell and polysaccharide subunit vaccine from epidemiologically typed Staphylococcus aureus.

DRDO, New Delhi 2006-2009  
7.

“Detection of community acquired MRSA in the general  population of Gulbarga District using Molecular markers”

UGC, New Delhi 2011-2014  
Publications:
Research Papers Total= 94 ; A. National-58 ; B.International- 23 ; C. In proceedings-13 ; Total Impact factor: 43.56
Publications Publications:
A:NATIONAL
1. Bacterial etiology and their antibiogram in burn wound infections at Kalaburgi region (India).Vivek Kulkarni, Arali SM, Jayaraj Y.M., Shivannavar C.T., and Joshi M R. Indian J Burns, 2015, 23: 65-70.
2. A Community based study of the rate of beta‑haemolytic Group A Streptococcal infections in symptomatic and asymptomatic school children. Lakshmana Gowda Krishnappa, Mohammed Ali M Marie, James John, Shivannavar Channappa Thippanna, Sangeetha Gopalkrishnan, and Brahmadathan Kootallur Narayan (2014). J Laboratory Physicians, Vol-6 (1):64-65.
3. Prevalence of MDR- ESBL Producing Escherichia coli Isolated from Urinary Tract Infections of Pregnant Women in Karnataka. Manjula N.G., Girish C. Math., Shripad A. Patil., Subhashchandra M. Gaddad and Channappa T. Shivannavar. J Pure Applied Microbiol., 8 (5): 3765-3771.
4. Antibiotic Susceptibility Pattern of ESβL Producing Klebsiella pneumoniae Isolated from Urine Samples of Pregnant Women in Karnataka. Manjula N. G., Girish C. Math., Kavita Nagshetty, Shripad A. Patil, Subhashchandra M. Gaddad,  Channappa T. Shivannavar. J Clin. Diagn. Rech., 2014; 8(10):08-11.
5. Effect of carbon and nitrogen sources on biodegradation of textile azo dye Reactive Violet 5 by Pseudomonas aeruginosa GSM3. Mallikarjun C. Bheemaraddi, Channappa T. Shivannavar, Subhashchandra M. Gaddad. Scholars Academic Journal of Biosciences. 2014; 2(4): 285-289.
6. Isolation and characterization of Paracoccus sp. GSM2 capable of degrading textile Azo Dye reactive violet-5. Mallikarjun C. Bheemaraddi, Santosh Patil, Channappa T. Shivannavar, and Subhashchandra M. Gaddad (2014). The Scientific World J., April, 2014, 9pages.
7. Incidence of Urinary Tract Infections and Its Aetiological Agents among Pregnant Women in Karnataka Region Manjula N. G., Girish C. Math., Shripad A. Patil, Subhashchandra M. Gaddad, Channappa T. Shivannavar.Advances in Microbiology, 2013, 3: 473-478.
8. Minimum inhibitory concentration spectrum of the S. mutans isolates in relation to dental caries. Sanjay Rathod, Subhaschandra M. Gaddad and Channappa T. Shivannavar (2012). World J Scie Technol., 2(1):21-25.
9. Vancomycin resistance among methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates in Rayalaseema region Andhra Pradesh, South India. Chandra Mohan Reddy.P., Venu Babu Thati, Shivannavar C.T. and Subhash Chandra M. Gaddad. World J Scie. Technol.,  2012, 2(1):06-08.
10. Diagnosis of TB from smear & culture negative sputum specimens by IS 6110 based PCR   Philip Raj Abraham, V.D. Sharma and C.T. Shivannavar (2012). Indian J Med Res. 135, (2) 249-251.
11. Study on degradation of H-acid by Alcaligenes latus isolated from textile industrial effluent. Usha, M S, Sanjay, M K.,Gaddad, S M and Shivannavar, C T(2012). J Scie  Ind  Res.,71(03):235-40.
12. Similarity in the Isolation Rate of Mycobacterium tuberculosis for New and Treated Cases of Tuberculosis in Sputum Specimens Preserved Under Cetylpyridinium Chloride. Philip Raj AbrahamSanjay M KasettyV D SharmaChannappa T Shivannavar (2012). J Glob Infect Dis., 4 (1):90-1.
13. Incidence and antibiogram patterns among nosocomial Pseudomonas aeruginosa  isolates from maternity wards and labor rooms in Gulbarga region, South India. Girish C.Math., Manjula N.G., Chennappa T. Shivannavar., Shripad A .Patil, Subhshchandra M.Gaddad (2011). J Recent Adv  Appl  Sci., 26 : 47-52.
14. Vancomycin resistance among methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates from intensive care units of tertiary care hospitals in Hyderabad. Venubabu ThatiChannappa T. ShivannavarSubhaschandra M Gaddad (2011). Indian J Med Res., 134(5):704-8.
15. Optimization of H-acid utilization by Alcaligenes latus. Usha Malavalli Subbaiah, , Sanjay M.Kasetty, Subhashchandra M. Gaddad  and Channappa T. Shivannavar (2011).  J. Microbiol. Biotech. Res., 1 (4):216-226.
16. Comparison of capsular typing of Staphylococcus aureus with bacteriophage typing: A study in Gulbarga in India. Maneesh Paul-Satyaseela, Channappa T. Shivannavar, Subhashchandra M. Gaddad (2011). Indian J Microbiol.,51 (3): 359-62.
17. Copper, Zinc-Superoxide Dismutase from clinically isolated Escherichia coli: Cloning, Analysis of sodC and Its Possible Role in Pathogenicity. M. K. Sanjay, S. M. Srideshikan, V. L. Vanishree, M. S. Usha, A. Philip Raj, S. M. Gaddad, C. T. Shivannavar (2011). Indian J
18. Nano-structured Zinc Oxide Enhances the Activity of Antibiotics Against Staphylococcus aureus. Venubabu Thati, Aashis.S.Roy,  M.V.N.Ambika Prasad,  C. T. Shivannavar and S.M.Gaddad (2010).  J Bioscien Tech, 1 (2): 64‐69. 
19. Detection, amplification & sequence homology of sodC in clinical isolates of Salmonella sp. Sanjay, M.K., Srideshikan, S.M., Usha, M.S., Philipraj, A., Gaddad, S.M., Shivannavar, C.T.(2010) Indian J Med Res131 (4): 565-570.
20. Incidence of Pseudomonas Aeruginosa In Various Hospital Settings Of Gulbarga City. Girish C.Math, Sandeep Angadi, N.G.Manjula, Shripad A.Patil,  Channappa T. Shivannavar, Subhaschandra M.Gaddad(2010). Res  Rev in BioSciences., 4(4).
21. Primary and Secondary Immune Response to formalin Inactivated Local isolates of Staphylococcus aureus Type8 and type5 in Rabbits. Subhaschandra M Gaddad, Sandeep S Angadi, Girish C Math, Usha C H, C T Shivannavar (2010). Resear & Review in Biosciences, 4 (1).
22. Evaluation of Streptokinase as a blood culture additive for bacteriological isolation of Salmonella enterica serover Typhi from blood. Kavita Nagshetty, C.T.Shivannavar and S.M.Gaddad (2009). The Bioscan. 4(3):421-424.
23. Evaluation of Streptococcus mutans in saliva of caries free and caries active individuals in Gulbarga City. Sanjay Rathod, Channappa T. Shivannavar. Subhaschandra M.Gaddad.(2009) Research & Rev in Biosciences, 3 (1): 51-56.
24. Faecal carriage of CTX-M-15-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in patients with acute  gastroenteritis. Muzaheed, Doi, Y., Adams-Haduch, J.M., Shivannavar, C.T., Paterson, D.L., Gaddad, S.M. (2009). Indian J Med Res.129 (5): 599-602.
25. Incidence of ESβL producing Klebsiella pneumoniae among in patients and out patients from north eastern part of  Karnataka. Subhaschandra M. Gaddad, Muzaheed, Channappa T Shivannavar (2008). Resear & Rev in Bioscien, 2 (2-6): 160-163.
26. Molecular characterization of induced clindamycin resistance in methycillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus from intensive care unit. Gaddad, S.M., Shagufta Naseer, B., Thati, V., Shivannavar, C.T.(2008) ResearJ Biotechnol.3 (spec. iss.): 351-356.
27. Incidence of ESβL producing Klebsiella pneumoniae among diabetic and non-diabetic patients from north-eastern part of Karnataka. Gaddad, S.M., Muzaheed, Shivannavar, C.T. (2008).  Resear J Biotechnol.3 (spec. iss.): 312-315.
28. Efficiency of locally isolated capsular type-5 Staphylococcus aureus whole cells in inducing immunogenicity in rabbits.  Gaddad, S.M., Thati, V., Shagufta, N., Angadi, S., and C. T. Shivannavar (2008). Resear J Biotechnol.3 (spec. iss.): 254-257.
29. Comparative efficiency of clot and broth culture techniques for the isolation of Salmonella enterica serover Typhi from blood. Gaddad, S.M., Kavita, N., Ravindranath, G. and  Shivannavar, C.T. (2008). Resear J Biotechnol.3 (spec. iss.): 216-218.
30. Degradation of H-acid by bacteria. Usha M.S., Sanjay M.K., Shivannavar C.T. and Gaddad S.M. (2005). J. Soil Biology &Ecology, 25 (1&2): 39-46.
31. Bioleaching of copper from chalcopyrite ore by fungi. Venkateswara Rao D., Shivannavar C.T. & Gaddad S.M.  Ind. J. Expt. Biol. 40 (2002): 319-324.
32. Therapeutic importance of rifampicin in inhibiting mycolic acids     of M. tuberculosis H37 Rv. M.A. Patil, V.M.Katoch, S.A.Patil, V.D.   Sharma, C.T.Shivannavar and B.M.Agrawal. Indian Medical Gazette     Nov. 1998. CXXXII: 334-339.
33. Comparison of sensitivity of probes targetting ribosomal RNA vs DNA in leprosy cases. R.K.Sharma, V.M. Katoch, K. Katoch, C.T.Shivannavar, V.D.Sharma, M.A.Patil, M.Natarajan, N.Saxena and A.S.Bhatia. Indian J. Med. Microbiol., 14-2 (1996) 99- 104.
34. Protein and isoenzyme patterns of mycobacteria II. Their role in identification of slowly growing mycobacteria. VD.Sharma, VM.Katoch, C.T.Shivannavar, U.D.Gupta, R.K.Shrama, M.B.M.Agrawal. Indian J. Med. Micrbiol.,13-3 (1996)119-123.
35. Protein and isoenzyme patterns of mycobacteria I. Their role in identification of rapidly growing mycobacteria. V.D. Sharma,  V.M.Katoch, C.T.Shivannavar, U.D.Gupta, R.K.Shrama, M.A.Patil, Patil,V.P.Bhardwaj and B.M.grawal. Indian J. Med. Micrbiol.,  13. 3(1996)115-118.
36. Isolation and characterization  of cultivable mycobacteria from leprosy skin. R.K.Sharma, K.Katoch V.D.Sharma, C.T.Shivannavar, M.Natarajan and V.M.Katoch. Indian J. Lepr. 67 (1995): 321-328.
37. Studies on microbiol aerobic flora of skin in leprosy patients. R.K.Sharma, K.Katoch, V.D.Sharma, C.T.Shivannavar, N.Natarjan and V.M.Katoch.  Indian J. Lepr. 67(1995) : 309-319.
38. Evaluation of PCR based test for the detection of M.tuberculosis  in coded sputum specimens. P.Khandekar, A.G.Amin, P.P.Reddi, N.Banwalikar, C.T. Shivannavar and V.M.Katoch. Indian J. Med. Res. 100(1994) : 167-171.
39. Correlation between inhibitory effect of quinolones and mycolic acids metabolism in mycobacteria. M.A.Patil, V.M.Katoch, K.Venkatesan, V.D.Sharma, C.T.Shivannavar, G.V.Kanaujia and B.M.Agrawal. Indian J. Lepr. 64 (1992): 331.
40. Detection of genomic variaation in slow and fast growing mycobacteria by analysis of restriction fragment length polymorphism(RFLP) of ribosomal RNA genes. G.V.Kanaujia, V.M.Katoch, C.T.Shivannavar, M.A.Patil and V.D.Sharma. Indian J. Med. Microbiol. 9 (1991): 219-223.
41. Ribosomal RNA gene based probes for early diagnosis and epidemiology of leprosy. V.M.Katoch, G.V.Kanaujia, C.T.Shivannavar, M.A.Patil, and V.D.Sharma. Quarderni di co- operazinione Sanitaria. Health co-operation papers. 12(1992) : 163-166.
42. Inhibition of mycolic acid biosynthesis in mycobacteria by streptomycin and isoniazid. M.A.Patil, V.M.Katoch, B.M.Agrawal, K. venkatesan, V.D.Sharma, G.V.Kanaujia and C.T.Shivannavar. Indian J.Med. Microbiol. 9 (1991):224-229.
43. Application of ATP assay for In-Vitro drug screening testing against human derived M.leprae. V.M.Katoch, K.Katoch, C .T.Shivannavar, V.D.Sharma, M.A.Patil,  V.P.Bharadwaj. Indian J.  Lepr. 61 (1989) :333.
44. Use of ATP assays for in-vitro drug screening testing against M.leprae. V.M.Katoch, K.Katoch , C.T.Shivannavar, V.D.Sharma. M.A.Patil and V.P.Bharadwaj. Indian J.Lepr. 61 (1989):21-31.
45. Studies on the effect of rifampicin on mycolic acid biosynthesis of mycobacteria : A preliminary report . M.A.Patil, V.M.Katoch, C.T.Shivannavar, V.D.Sharma, A.K.Datta and GV.Kanaujia. Indian. Med. Microbilol. 6(1988: 251-258.
46. Isolation purification of nucleic acids from different slow and fast growing mycobacteria by a stepwise procedure. V.M.Katoch , G.V.Kanaujia and C.T.Shivannavar. Indian J. Med. Microbiol. 6 (1988) : 159-167.
47. Classification and Identification of mycobacteria using their mycosidic glycolipids as taxonomic markers-II. Analysis of glycolipids of M.leprae and other related taxon.  A.K.Datta, V.M.Katoch, K.Katoch , V.D.Sharma and C.T. Shivannavar. and J.J.Ghosh. Indian J.Med. Microbiol. 6 (1988):159-165.
48. Classification and Identification of mycobacteria using their mycosidic glycolipids as taxonomic markers-I. Analysis of glycolipids of cultivable mycobacteria . A.K.Datta, V.M.Katoch, K.Katoch, V.D.Sharma, C.T. Shivannavar. and J.J.Ghosh. Indian.J.  Med. Microbiol. 6 (1988):21-31.
49. Metabolic studies on Mycobacteria V: A preliminary report on ATP synthesis by Mycobacteria including M.leprae by using different substrates.  V.M.Katoch, K.Katoch, V.P.Bharadwaj, V.D.Sharma, A.K.Datta, C.T.Shivannavar and K.B.Kannan. Indian J. Lepr. 59 (1987): 163-170.
50. Metabolic studies on mycobacteria IV: assay of isocitrate lyase and malate synthase activity in M.leprae. V.P.Bharadwaj, V.M.Katoch, K.B.Kannan, V.D.Sharma, A.K.Datta and C.T.Shivannavar. Indian J.Lepr.59(1987): 158-162
51. Metabolic studies on mycobacteria III: Key enzymes of TCA cycle in M.leprae. V.M.Katoch, V.D.Sharma, K.B.Kannan, A.K.Datta, C.T.Shivannavar and V.P.Bharadwaj. Indian J. Lepr.59 (1987):152-7.
52. Serological approches to characterization of mycobacteria: The evaluation of immunological relatedness of superoxide dismutase in taxonomic identification. V.M.Katoch C.T.Shivannavar, A.K.Datta and V.D.Sharma. Indian J. Med. Microbiol. 5(1987):57-62.
53.

Evidence for presence of methoxy mycolic acids in Mycobacterium leprae along with alpha-and keto-mycolic acids. A.K.Datta,V.M.Katoch, K. katoch, V.D.Sharma and C.T.Shivannavar. Indian J. Med. Microbiol. 5(1987):229-235.

54. Isoenzymes patterns of mycobacteria in taxonomical identification of mycobacteria specially M.leprae. V.M.Katoch, V.D.Sharma, AK.Datta, C.T.Shivannavar, K.Katoch, K.B.Kannan and V.P.Bharadwaj. Indian J. Med. Microbiol. 4(1986) : 81-87.
55. Metabolic studies on mycobacteria II : Glyoxylate bypass (TCA cycle) enzymes of slow and fast growing mycobacteria. K.B.Kannan, VM.Katoch, VP.Bharadwaj, VD.Sharma, AK.Datta and  C.T.Shivannavar.  Indian J. Lepr. 57 (1985) : 542-548.
56. Metabolic studies on mycobacteria I : Demonstration of key enzymes of glycolysis and tricorboxylic acid cycle on polyacrylamide gels. V.D.Sharma, V.M.Katoch, A.K.Datta, K.B.Kannan, C.T.Shivannavar, and V.P.Bharadwaj. Indian J. Lepr. .57(1985) : 534-541.
57. Isoenzymes of mycobacteria II: Relevance of LDH zymograms in taxonomy and identification. V.M.Katoch, V.D.Sharma, A.K.Datta, C.T.Shivannavar, K.Katoch, K.B.Kannan and V.P.Bharadwaj. Indian J. Lepr. 57 (1985)  : 107-114.
58. Isoenzymes patterns of mycobacteria I: Factors influencing LDH isoenzymes of mycobacteria. V.D.Sharma, V.M.Katoch, A.K.Datta. C.T.Shivannavar, K.B.Kannan and V.P.Bharadwaj. Indian J. Lepr. 57 (1985):97-106.
B. INTERNATIONAL
1. Biodegradation of reactive dye reactive violet 5 by bacteria isolated from dye contaminated soil. Mallikarjun C. Bheemaraddi, Santosh Patil, Channappa T. Shivannavar and Subhaschandra M. Gaddad. Int J Pharm Bio Sci., 2013 4 (4-B):  1100 – 1110.
2. Isolation and characterization of an azo dye reactive red 2 degrading bacteria from dye contaminated soil. Mallikarjun C. Bheemaraddi, Channappa T. Shivannavar and Subhaschandra M. Gaddad. Int J Pharm Bio Sci., 2013 4 (4-B):  711-722.
3. Comparative prevalence of MDR S. typhi in Northern and Southern parts of Karnataka, South India. Rajshekhar Sidrammappa, Channappa T. Shivannavar and Subhaschandra M. Gaddad. Int J Biomedical Research.  (2014); 05 (03):215-217.
4. Clinico-bacteriological studies on pyoderma in Gulbarga Region (Karnataka state) emphases to methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus. Vivek Kulkarni, Y.M. Jayaraj, C.T. Shivannavar, Sagar M. Arali and Ravi M. Int J Pharm Bio Sci., 2014, 5(1B): 616 – 624.
5. Prevalence of emm types of Group A streptococci recovered from school children and hospital patients in BangaloreCity, India. Lakshmana Gowda, K., John Melbin, J., Patil, S.A., Bindu Rani, S.R., Sanjay, M.K., Shivannavar, C.T., Brahmadathan, K.N. (2011). World J Microbiol & Biotechnol.27:319-321.
6. Degradation of H-acid by free and immobilized cells of Alcaligenes latus. Usha, M.S., Sanjay, M.K., Gaddad, S.M., Shivannavar, C.T. (2010). Brazilian J Microbiol.41(4): 931-945.
7. Antimicrobial susceptibility pattern in Salmonella enterica serovar typhi in India, Kavita Nagshetty, Shivannavar Channappa.T and Subhashchandra M Gaddad (2009). J. Infect. Dev. Ctries., 4(2):070-073.
8. Prevalence and antibiotic sensitivity of shiga toxin producing Escherichia coli in Gulbarga region, India. Kesava Naidu,G., S.M.Gaddad, C.T.Shivannavar, N. Rajendra Goud, Ujjwal Nevgi and Ruchi Saumy.  Trends in Med. Research, 2(3) (2007):147-154.
9. 10-12 years follow-up of highly bacillated BL/LL leprosy patients on combined chemotherapy and immunotherapy. Katoch K, Katoch VM, Natrajan M, Sreevatsa, Gupta, UD, Sharma VD, Shivanavar CT.  Vaccine. (2004) Sep 9;22(27-28):3649-57.
10. Carriage of capsulated strains of Staphylococcus aureus: a population based study performed in Gulbarga, South India, M. Paul-Satyseela, A. vanBelkum, CT.Shivannavar and SM. Gaddad (2004). Epidemiol. Infect. 132(5): 831-838.
11. Effect of trifluoperazine on in vitro ATP synthesis by     Mycobacterium leprae. V.M.Katoch, N.Saxena, C.T.Shivannavar, V.D.Sharma, K.Katoch, R.K. Sharma and P.S.Murthy.FEMS Immunol.Med. Microbiol.,20 (1998) 99-102.
12. Detection of M.leprae by gene amplification: combined ethidium-bromide staining and probe hybridization. R.K.Sharma, K.Katoch,  C.T.Shivannavar, V.D.Sharma, M.Natarajan, A.S.Bhatia, N.Saxena and V.M.Katoch. Int. J. Lepr., 64-4 (1996) 409-416.
13. Determination of mycobacterial phylogeny on the basis of immunological relatedness of superoxide dismutases.C.T.Shivannavar, V.M.Katoch, V.D.Sharma, K.Katoch, M.A.Patil, A.S.Bhatia, V.P.Bhardwaj and B.M.Agrawal. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 46.4 (1996):1164-1169.
14. Development of superoxide dismutase (SOD) enzyme linked immunosor-bant assay (ELISA) to determine the immunological relatedness among mycobacteria. C.T.Shivannavar, V.M.Katoch, V.D.Sharma, M.A.Patil, K.Katoch, V.P.haradwaj & B.M.Agrawal. Int. J. Lepr. 64 (1996): 58-65.
15. Treatment of baciliferous BL/LL cases with combined chemotherapy and immunotherapy. K.Katoch, V.M.Katoch, M.Natarajan, A.S.Bhatia, Sreevatsa, U.D.Gupta, V.D.Sharma, C.T.Shivannavar, M.A.Patil and V.P.Bharadwaj. Int.J. Lepr., 63.2 (1996) 202-212.
16. Rapid characterization of M.fortuitum-chelonei complex restriction fragment lenght polymorphism of ribosomal RNA genes. G.V.Kaanauji, V.M.Katoch, C.T.Shivannavar, V.D.Sharma and M.A.Patil. FEMS microbiol. Lett., 77 (1991) : 205-208.
17. Towards clinical and epidemiological application of advances in the molecular biology of M.leprae. V.M.Katoch, C.T.Shivannavar, K.Katoch, G.V. Kanaujia,  V.P.Bharadwaj. Trop. Med. Parasitol. 41. (1990): 299-301.
18. Studies on ribosomal RNA genes of mycobacteria including M.leprae. V.M.Katoch, C.T.Shivannavar and A.K.Datta. Acta Leprol. 7 suppl. 1 (1989) : 231-233.
19. Effect of chemotherapy on viability of M.leprae as determined by ATP content , morphological index and FDA-EB fluroscent staining. V.M.Katoch, K.Katoch, U.Ramanathan, V.D.sharma,C.T.Shivannavar, A.K.Datta and V.P.Bharadwaj. Int. J. Lepr. 57 (1989) :615-621.
20. Results of a modified WHO regimen in highly bacilliferous BL/LL patients. K.Katoch, G.Ramu, U. Ramanathan, U. Sengupta, Sreevatsa, V.D. Sharma, C.T.Shivannavar and V.M.Katoch. Int. J.Lepr. 57(1989) : 451.
21. Studies on the energy synthesis in M.leprae. V.P.Bharadwaj,  V.M.Katoch, K.Katoch, V.D.Sharma, K.B.Kannan, A.K.Datta and C.T.Shivannavar.. Act. Lepr. 7 uppl. 1 (1989) : 30-32.
22. In-Vitro methods for determination of viablity of mycobacteria; Comparision of ATP content , Morphological Index and FDA-EB fluorescent staining in M.leprae. V.M.Katoch, K.Katoch, G.Ramu, V.D.Sharma, A.K.Datta, C.T.Shivannavar. and KV. Desikan. Lep. Rev.59 (1988):137 -143.
23. Apperance of methoxy mycolate like component by acid methanolysis of M.leprae. A.K.Datta, V.M.Katoch V.D.Sharma and C.T.Shivannavr. Int. J.Lepr. 55(1987) : 680-684.

C: Papers Published in Proceedings:

1. Comparative studies on the effect of zinc on the free and immobilized systems of E.coli. Gaddad SM., Basavaraj G., Girish BS., Raghvendra R.and Shivannavar CT, (2005). Proceedings of 2nd International Congress of Chemistry and environment. Organized by Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment, at Indore from 24th to 26th December 2005, pp 758-761.
2. Continuous decolourization of mixed textile dye effluents by an immobilized packed bed bacterial consortium. Gaddad SM., Shankar S., Naidu K and Shivannavar CT, (2005). Proceedings of 2nd International Congress of Chemistry and environment. Organized by Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment, at Indore from 24th to 26th December 2005, pp 434to 438.
3. Effect of carbon and nitrogen sources on degradation of H-acid. Usha MS, Shivannavar CT, and Gaddad SM (2005). Proceedings of 2nd International Congress of Chemistry and environment. Organized by Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment, at Indore from 24th to 26th December 2005, pp 431-33
4. Effect of gutkha on the microbial environment of oral cavity, Shivannavar CT, Srinivasa Y and Gaddad SM (2003). Proceedings of seminar on environmental Management and Pollution Control, Gulbarga University, Gulbarga, pp151-154.
5. Application of Immobilized Microbial System for Environmental Management, Gaddad SM, Shankar S., Bsavaraj G and Shivannavar CT (2003). Proceedings of seminar on environ Management and Pollution Control, Gulbarga University, Gulbarga, pp 143-150.
6. Microbial quality of ground water sources in Gulbarga city. Shivannavar C.T., Shankar S., Basavaraja G., Rao D.V. and Gaddad S.M. (2002). Proc. Int. Conf. on Water and Wastewater: Perspectives of Developing Countries, IIT, New Delhi pp 517-522.
7. Bioremediation of textile dye contaminated wastewater by bacteria. Shankar S., Shivannavar C.T. & Gaddad S.M. (2002). Proc. Int. Conf. on Water and Wastewater: Perspectives of Developing Countries, IIT, New Delhi pp 823-831.
8. Evaluation of mercury and nickel toxicity using immobilized S. aureus and Bacillus sp. Basavaraja G., Jahagirdar H.S., Shivannavar C.T. & Gaddad S.M. (2002). Proc. Int. Conf. on Water and Wastewater: Perspectives of Developing Countries, IIT, New Delhi pp 695-703.
9. Progress in developing gene probes and gene amplification techniques targetting rRNA for diagnosis and molecular epidemiology of infectious diseases. V.M.Katoch, G.V.Kanaujia, C.T.Shivannavar, K.Katoch, V.D. Sharma, M.A.Patil and V.P.Bharadwaj.In: proceedings of CSIR Golden Jubliee symposium on Tropical Diseases:- Molecular Biology and control strategies held at Lucknow eb. 1992 : A CSIR Publication, pp 581-587.
10. Search for in vitro methods for determination of viability of mycobacteria : Correlation of ATP contant, Bacterial index and FDA-EB fluorescent staining in M.leprae. V.M.Katoch, V.D.Sharma, K.Katoch, G.Ramu, A.K.Datta and C.T.Shivannavar. Proceedings of Indo-UK symposium on leprosy held at Agra,April 7-10 1986. (V.M.Katoch,ed.) A CJIL Publication, Coronation Press Agra. 1987.
11. Immunological relatedness of superoxide dismutases of mycobacteria: A new parameter for taxonomic identification and classification. V.M.Katoch, C.T.S.hivannavar, A.K.atta, and V.D.Sharma. Proceedings of Indo-UK symposium on leprosy held at Agra,April 7-10 1986. (V.M.Katoch, ed. ) A CJIL Publication, Coronation Press Agra. 1987 pp.219-226.
12. Isoenzymes of mycobacteria: Their role in taxonomy of mycobacteria with special reference to M.leprae. V.D. Sharma, V.M.Katoch, A.K.Datta, C.T.Shivannavar, K.Katoch, K.B.Kannan and V.P.Bharadwaj.  Proceedings of Indo-UK symposium on leprosy held at Agra,April 7-10 1986. (V.M.Katoch, ed. ) A CJIL Publication, Coronation Press Agra. 1987 pp.210-218.
13. Studies on the metabolism of mycobacteria with special reference to M.leprae. V.P.Bharadwaj, V.M.Katoch, K.Katoch, K.B.Kannan, V.D.Sharma, A.K.Datta and C.T.Shivannavar. Proceedings of Indo-UK symposium on leprosy held at Agra,April 7-10 1986. (V.M.Katoch, ed. ) A CJIL Publication, Coronation Press Agra. 1987 pp. 182-194.
Conferences/seminars/symposia/attended/conducted:
Attended - 38
1. Presented a paper entitled, “Serological approaches to characterization of Mycobacteria: The evaluation of immunological relatedness of superoxide dismutases in taxonomical classification” at IX Annual Congress of IAMM, held at Varanasi, Nov. 28-30, 1985.
2. Presented a paper entitled, “Immunological relatedness of superoxide dismutases of mycobacteria: A new parameter of taxonomic identification and classification” at Indo UK Symposium on Leprosy, Held at Agra, 7-10 April,1986.
3. Presented a paper entitled, “Extended studies on the immunological relatedness of superoxide dismutases of mycobacteria: A new parameter for taxonomic identification and classification”at X Annual Congress of IAMM, held at Bangalore, Oct. 20-22, 1986.
4. Presented a paper-“Extended studies on the immunological relatedness of superoxide dismutases of mycobacteria” at 12 Annual Congress of IAMM, held at Trivenderum, Nov.18-20, 1988.
5. Presented a paper entitled, “Immunological relatedness of superoxide dismutases of mycobacteria: A new approaches towards dignosis and assessment of disease activity in Leprosy” at XIII Annual Congress of IAMM, held at Jaipur, Nov. 10-12, 1989.
6. Attended the CME Programme and XIV IAMM Conference held at Vellore from Nov. 24-27, 1990 and presented a paper entitled, “Rapid characterization of slow growing pathogenic Mycobacteria by Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP)”.
7. Attended 7th  Biennial Conference and Workshop of IAL held at Durg-Bhili from 2-5 Jan. 1992 and presented a paper- “A comparative evaluation of probes targeting 16S rRNA of M.leprae”.
8. Attended the Annual Congress of IAMM, held at New Delhi, from 15-17 Nov. 1992 and presented a paper entitled, “Study on the probes targeting Ribosomal RNA of M.leprae”.
9. Participated in the workshop on “Tuberculosis probes Validation” at National Institute of Immunology, New Delhi from 5-14 May, 1993 as a third party to validate the tuberculosis probes developed at AIIMS and NII New Delhi, sponsored by DBT, New Delhi.
10. Attended the CME Programme on “Molecular Biology of Leprosy” conducted by XVII Annual Congress of IAMM at Calcutta from 16&17th of Dec.1993.
11.

Attended the XVII Annual Congress of IAMM Conference held at Calcutta from 18-20th of Dec.1993 and presented papers:
a. “Application studies on rRNA based probes in leprosy” and
b. “Determination of the Phylogenetic position of M.leprae by Immunological Relatedness of super oxide dismutases”

12. Attended the XVIII Biennial Conference of IAL held at Madras from 20-22 Jan. 1994 and presented a paper entitled, “A potential reagent for immunological studies in leprosy”.
13. Attended the CME Programme on “Vaccines” conducted by XVIII National Conference of IAMM held at AFMC, Pune on 11th Nov. 1994.
14. Attended the 18 National Conference of IAMM held at AFMC, Pune, from12-14th Nov.1994 and presented a paper entitled, “Development of probes targeting 5S rRNA of M.leprae”.
15. Attended the conference on “Pasteur’s heritage:- from Molecular asymmetry/industrial fermentation to causality and cure of infectious disease”, held at Institute of Molecular Technology, Chandigarh, from 27-29 Sept. 1995 and presented a paper entitled, “Gene Probes Targeting 5S rRNA of M.leprae”.
16. Attended the CME Programme on “Anaerobes in Laboratory Medicine” conducted by XIX Annual Congress of IAMM held at JIPMER,, Pondicherry, on 5th Oct. 1995.
17. Attended the XIX National Conference of IAMM held at JIPMER, Pondicherry, from 6-8 Oct. 1995 and presented a paper entitled, “Studies on the development and evaluation of probes targeting 16S/23S Spacer region of M.leprae”.
18. Attended the 1st National Conference on “Biotechnology for Rural and Industrial Development” held at Department of Biotechnology, G. U, Gulbarga, from Dec.  1995
19. Attended 20 National Conference of IAMM at Agra from 31st Oct. to 3rd Nov. 1996 and presented a paper- “Ribosomal DNA-Fingerprinting techniques for Mycobacteria”.
20. Attended the XXI National Conference of IAMM held at Solapur, from 18-20th Dec.1997, and presented a paper entitled,  “ Phylogenetic relationship among the pathogenic mycobacteria including M.leprae”.
21. Participated in the XIII Annual Congress of NESA and Symposium on “Environmental Issues- The 21st Century”, held at Department of Microbiology, Gulbarga University, Gulbarga, from Dec. 12-14, 1998.
22. Attended the International Conference on “probing in Biological Systems” held at department of Zoology, The Institute of Science, Mumbai, from Feb.7-11, 2000.
23. Attended the 41st Annual Conference of AMI held at Birla Institute of Scientific Research, Jaipur, from 26-28th Nov. 2000, and presented a paper entitled, “Using immobilized E.coli cells for evaluating lead toxicity”
24. Attended the WHO Workshop on, “Identification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and other pathogenic mycobacteria by a ribosomal PCR-RFLP assay” Conducted by the Department of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, CJIL, Agra, from 23rd to 26th Dec.2003.
25. Attended the 2nd International Congress of Chemistry and environment.Organized by     Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment, at Indore from 24-26 December 2005, and presented a paper entitled “Effect of carbon and nitrogen sources on degradation of H-acid”.
26. Attended the 24th Biennial Conference of the Indian Association of Leprologists, held at National JALMA Institute for Leprosy and Other Mycobacterial Diseases, Agra,   from November 12-14, 2005 and presented the paper entitled “Isolation of M.tuberculosis from Tuberculosis patients in Gulbarga region”.
27. Participated and chaired the session in the 2nd National Conference on “Biotechnology for Rural and Industrial Development (NCBIRD-2008)” held at Department of Biotechnology, Gulbarga University, Gulbarga, from January 17-19, 2008.
28. Attended the international conference on “changing environmental trends and sustainable development” (CETAS 2009) held at Guru Jembeshwar University, Hiser during 9-11, February 2009 and Presented one paper.
29. Attended the “36th  National Immunology Conference- Immunocon2009” held at NIMHANS Bangalore from 16th to 19th , December 2009 and presented the paper.
30. Attended the 2nd Conference of Karnataka Science and Technology, held at Gulbarga University, Gulbarga on 23rd &24th September 2009.
31. Attended the “National symposium on role of biology and biotechnology in conservation of biodiversity and sustainable development” held at the Department of Botany, Gulbarga University, Gulbarga from 22-24th December 2009.
32. Attended the Subject based state inter university Symposium on enhancing research and teaching activities held on 3rd & 4th  March 2010, at Gulbarga University, Gulbarga, sponsored by Govt. of Karnataka, Vision Group on Science and Technology.
33. Attended the National conference on Environmental sciences and Health hazards from 19-22 November 2012, held at  Karnataka University, Dharwad  and delivered the invited lecture on “Human pathogens: field-to-fork continuum” (IL-11/14).
34. Attended the ICEHT held at Sri Venkateswara University, India from 20 to 22 December 2012 and presented the paper entitled Decolorization of Reactive Red 2 by a novel bacterial strain Sphingobacterium GSM1. Shivannavar CT, Mallikarjun C.B,  and S.M. Gaddad (Absrtect No.50).